African countries, globalization, economic development. African countries have benefited relatively less from the positive effects of globalization than other parts of the world in terms of economic growth and development. Impact of globalization and sustainability in africa 927 6. The port elizabeth metropolitan area is located in the eastern cape province of south africa. The question is often raised as to whether a country such as south africa can ignore global influences after years of isolation and integrate positively with the international community as a global player. Globalisation does not only apply in a business sense but is also an issue of politics and culture, though the main focus is the integration of the worlds economies. This argument has resulted into the formation of two schools of thoughts that now. At one extreme, a contributor to the senegal dialogue. From the depths of the most rural village to the worlds biggest cities, the effects of globalization are quite apparent.
Impact of globalization and sustainability in africa. She argue that women share the burden of farming, civil servants, and as traders. Africa with a view of determining the able of western media in propagating cultural imperialism under the pretext of economic globalization through africa. Globalisation in africa has had both positive and negative effects. The imf will continue to make this case vigorously whenever and wherever it can. Africa is the leastdeveloped continent in the world today, as is evident from the low levels of per capita income in many african countries. For example, if lagos were a country, it would be the seventh largest economy in africa, after nigeria, south africa, egypt, algeria, angola and morocco. Globalization, growth, and poverty in africa unuwider.
Jan 07, 2010 i think globalisation is one of the fundamental aspects in life. An overview muthoka, sila and muthuri, evan and oginga, jared university of nairobi 22 june 2015 online at mpra paper no. Globalisations problems and consequences for the states in africa. The challenges of globalization for africa alassane d. At best africa felt bypassed, at worst abused and humiliated. Therefore, the globalisation of south africas economy was driven by trade and despite the. This is a discourse on political economy of globalization and its implication for africa with particular reference to nigeria. Effects of globalization on ghana globalization is a phenomenon that has conquered much of the world we live in today. The negative effects of globalization on south africa essay 1699 words 7 pages globalisation refers to the process of the integration of economic, political, social and cultural relations among people, companies and governments of different nations and countries.
Globalization and its effect on the south african economy. Although the economic growth pattern is lower than acceptable norms in other emerging economies, the forces of globalisation seems to be stronger than expected. The globalisation of technology has created rapidly rising numbers of global consumers. African countries, globalization, economic development, information technology. The eastern cape province is geographically the largest of the nine provinces of south africa. Conclusion in conclusion, globalization presents both risks and opportunities for african nations. Globalization is another form of re colonization of african countries including those nations that. Rwanda, an african country has chosen tourism as one of its main economic.
The challenges of globalisation for development in southern. This question is difficult to answer because its terms are somewhat vague. Of recent, emphasis has been on the impact of globalization on african culture. May 22, 2015 by kauhakanua martin mbambus africa was once was a land of culture, tradition and rural settings where the cock crow signalled the dawn of a new day, however with the arrival of globalisation, we are tempted to assume that globalisation is not a doubleedged sword. Most importantly, the risk that globalization is going to expedite the rate of the ecologically unsustainable growth in africa. Social affairs globalization and development in subsaharan. Globalization and its effect on the south african economy essay sample. The effects of globalization on various aspects of the life of developing nations has always been controversial. Capital cities and leading financial centres account for a large part of the gdp of african countries. South africas integration into the global economy took place during a time of political instability and therefore, the country did not benefit significantly from increased levels in foreign direct investments fdi loots, 20012. In fact, africa has been turned into a dumping ground where people increasingly consume an abundance of products that have little connection to their struggle for existence for example, literature, movies, music. This thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the department of economics at therepository at st. What south africa thinks about globalization south africa is one of the most unequal countries in the world. Globalisation measured by exports as a share of output per cent year world exports of goods and services as a % of gdp world exports of merchandise as a % of gdp 1820 1.
No one doubted that over the past 20 years of globalization, africa has fared far worse than other regions. Merrianwebsters online defines globalization as the. However, the extent to which globalization was to blame for africas problems remained a matter of debate. Pdf the impact of globalization on african countries economic. Nov 07, 2012 africa and increase it utilization of its raw materials and human resour ces. But africas problems are both internal and external ranging from agricultural protectionism by developed countries to debt to severe corruption. The concept of globalization is currently a popular but very controversial issue, and has been one of the most widely debated issues since communism collapsed. Africa and increase it utilization of its raw materials and human resour ces. Over the last century africa has been an important source of commodities such as oil, minerals, precious metals and gems, with foreign companies having the majority of local. To begin with, even though, globalisation as ohiorhenuan 1998 op cit. The impact of globalization on africa in africa, its position in the international system has been considerably weakened by the fact that it has been losing the race for economic development in general, and human development in particular, to other regions, these. The impact of globalisation on local government in south africa. South africa reentered the international economy from isolation at a time when the forces of globalisation especially for developing countries seemed to gain momentum.
Economically, africa was connected to the global market earlier than most of the other. The challenges of globalisation for development in southern africa andre c jordaan the world is currently engaged in a process of globalisation, as is reflected in the growth of world trade, unification of capital markets, internationalisation of production, distribution networks and the megarevolution in information, communications and. Pdf the impact of globalization on africa researchgate. Of course this view refers largely to economics, not taking into account the fundamental societal changes since the first democratic elections in 1994. The impact of globalization on africa international journal of. Tourism development has directly and indirectly positive effects on residents through. What south africa thinks about globalization globalisation. The positive and negative impacts of globalisation on the developing world what is globalisation. It is located along the southeast coast of south africa and is bordered to the north west by the highlands of lesotho. Pdf the term globalization captures the attention of everyone and especially economic development. Globalization impacts significantly on african states, particularly economically as well as politically. South africa is losing many of its most talented academics to the north while at the same time it is recruiting from elsewhere in africa. Globalization, the impact of trade liberalization, and labour.
Using a computable general equilibrium model, this study analyses the effects of globalisation on gender and the south african economy, disaggregated into 49 sectors. South africa was, and is still facing an exploding hivaids epidemic that, if anything, is highly associated with health care demands. Opinion globalisation is the new lingo and it refers to the process of amplification of economic, political, social and cultural relations across international boundaries. International journal of education and research vol. The term globalization could mean different things to different people. This paper beside this introductory section is divided into five segments. The country is struggling to bring restitution to its black majority, while developing itself economically. The analysis assesses the effects of three policies. Definition and methodology globalization is currently a popular and controversial issue, though often remaining a loose and poorlydefined concept. Globalization and development in subsaharan africa the united. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. However, the extent to which globalization was to blame for africa s problems remained a matter of debate.
This study investigates the political economy of globalization in the development process in nigeria. The effects of globalization on africa in the eyes of an african. The challenge of globalization in africa remarks by. Ouattara deputy managing director of the international monetary fund at the southern africa economic summit sponsored by the world economic forum harare, may 21, 1997. Among other things there is a lack of infrastructure, including telecommunication linkages with the outside world and within africa, low levels of technological innovation, low expenditure on research and. The south african government has initiated the debate on the possible benefits of globalisation, especially in the local government sphere.
This has led to an integration of national economies, where uniformity results. Introduction globalization refers to the shift toward a more integrated and interdependent world economy. The impact of globalization on africa springerlink. The resultant effects of this race was the industrial share up of. Second, to the extent that a positive or negative impact is discernable, to assess the implications for labour law, as a system of rules that seeks to regulate the employment relationship, and the way in which wages are determined. Globalization and postapartheid south africa abebe zegeye i t would be bad faith, despite the present economic woes of south africa, to speak of the apartheid era as the good old days. In specific economic contexts, the term refers almost exclusively to the effects of trade, particularly trade liberalization or free trade. Pdf the impact of globalization on african countries. The negative effects of globalization on south africa essay.
The social impact of globalization in the developing countries. Globalisation essay positive and negative impacts on. Introduction the term globalization could mean different things to different people. It can be defined as a process of worldwide integration of economies and societies. Pdf the effects of globalization on african culture. Globalization is a popular term most frequently used to describe the expansion and integration of the world economy. Second, let me talk about the importance of effective social spending. Attempts to conceptualize globalization have resulted in diversity of world views. Globalization delivers its economic benefits in part by promoting change, the rise and fall of different industries and economic activities.
Capitalist production and trade replacing protectionist economies through specialization and globalization of the process of production and an integrated market. Ann ogbo 1,2,3department of management university of nigeria enugu campus abstract. Pdf globalization as the process of intensification of economic, political. Jul 07, 2005 as the leaders of the worlds eight most developed countries meet to discuss africas continued plight, the continents problems have taken center stage. Tips globalisation and economic growth in south africa.540 403 412 418 1194 281 657 161 1217 177 581 1093 892 952 5 101 744 1382 1081 920 583 1078 441 1423 473 804 1478 1256 133 1080 1013 1518 169 181 1470 85 802 1381 359 567 468 324 1387 897 153 18 515